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 The Greek Philosopher " Plato "

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The Philosopher
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PostSubject: The Greek Philosopher " Plato "   Tue Jan 20, 2009 5:01 am


Plato was born around the year 428 BCE in Athens.As Socrates' disciple, Plato adopted his philosophy and style of debate, and directed his studies toward the question of virtue and the formation of a noble character.

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Plato's most influential work, The Republic, is also a part of his middle dialogues. It is a discussion of the virtues of justice, courage, wisdom, and moderation, of the individual and in society. It works with the central question of how to live a good life, asking what an ideal State would be like, and what defines a just individual. These lead to more questions regarding the education of citizens, how government should be formed, the nature of the soul, and the afterlife. The dialogue finishes by reviewing various forms of government and describing the ideal state, where only philosophers are fit to rule. The Republic covers almost every aspect of Plato's thought.

Plato describes these "philosopher kings" as "those who love the sight of truth" (Republic 475c) and supports the idea with the analogy of a captain and his ship or a doctor and his medicine. Sailing and health are not things that everyone is qualified to practice by nature. A large part of the Republic then addresses how the educational system should be set up to produce these philosopher kings.

As Plato puts it:
"Until philosophers rule as kings or those who are now called kings and leading men genuinely and adequately philosophise, that is, until political power and philosophy entirely coincide, while the many natures who at present pursue either one exclusively are forcibly prevented from doing so, cities will have no rest from evils,... nor, I think, will the human race." (Republic 473c-d)

In 347 Plato died, leaving the Academy to his sister's son Speusippus.
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"He who fights monsters should see to it that in the process, he does not become a monster. And when you look into the abyss, the abyss also looks into you." - Nietzche
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Manos
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PostSubject: Re: The Greek Philosopher " Plato "   Tue Jan 20, 2009 2:50 pm

And a small secret about him: every night he used to read the books of Aristofanes that was hidden under his pillow.
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Chrysippus
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PostSubject: Re: The Greek Philosopher " Plato "   Mon Apr 27, 2009 2:01 am

i'm reading The Republic at the moment - there's lots of stuff to talk about really. I'm still waiting for Socrates to prove why it pays to be just lol
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Uratsukudoji
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PostSubject: The Republic   Thu May 28, 2009 7:43 am

I found this oneday while sifting through this ohnerable mans work.

"When there is an income tax, the just man will pay more and the unjust less on the same amount of income."
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